Poisoning Detox Information
Mercury From the Body
Toxicity of Mercury
different forms of Mercury
for Mercury Laboratories- List & Equipment Testing
- Symptoms & Diseases
Associated with Mercury
- Mercury & Related
Issues: -"The Domino Effect:-- PH Balance, leaky
gut syndrome, candida, parasites, allergies, indigestion.
Being Allergic to one's own mercury.
Mercury affects the Nervous System & the Body Products
for repairing the myelin sheath around the nerves
damaged by mercury.
Mercury OUT SAFELY - Where does one start?
Clay baths and when are they used?
Mercury Detoxification Program
and Recipes & pH Relationship to Mercury/Metal Toxins
How pH plays a role in the detoxification of Mercury
Products for Mercury Detox - Sources of Products
of Reading Material
of Mercury Free Dentists / Doctors and Alternative
Practitioners Spas that participate in the process
TOXICITY OF MERCURY
Forms of Mercury
by Lauana Lei
Mercury is probably the most toxic non-radioactive metal
in the environment. It is a poison! It is highly toxic
to humans and ANY AMOUNT is harmful to the cells and tissues
of human beings, according to Roy B. Kupsinel, MD,
author of A Patient's Guide to Mercury-Amalgam Toxicity
- A Major Common Denominator of Degenerative Disease.
The World Health Organization declared there is no safe
level of mercury for human beings - in other words, mercury
is so poisonous that no amount of mercury absorption
is safe. (1992). Dental amalgams (fillings) are classified
as a hazardous material by OSHA and recommend a "no-touch" technique
in handling amalgams. A facemask should be used to avoid
breathing amalgam dust, and hazardous waste instructions
used for disposal!
On December 16, 1990, 60 MINUTES aired a program on dental mercury amalgam, which
brought the issue forcefully to public attention. In 1992, Germany banned the
use of certain forms of amalgam. In December 1992, the American Medical Association
passed a resolution advocating the elimination of mercury, and benzene from all
household products, citing their harmful effect on the environment and on human
health. (12/92). In August 1993, a Federal Court ruled that California's Proposition
65 is valid with regards to dental amalgam. This means that any dentist who has
10 or more employees must provide "clear and reasonable warning" to both employees
and patients that amalgam is a potentially harmful substance. In February 1994,
the Swedish parliament passed a bill banning all use of dental amalgam by 1997.
On July 11, 1994, the BBC aired a 40-minute documentary on dental amalgam called "The
Poison In Your Mouth." In early 1995, a legal brief was discovered filed the
American Dental Association in a civil lawsuit in Santa Clara, California that
denies any responsibility for the safety of the general public when the public
seeks and receives dental care! Practicing dentists are generally unaware that
they have been inadequately informed about amalgam's toxic properties by their
Sources of Mercury
The toxicity of mercury is not only from the major source of dental amalgams,
but is also found in a natural state in soil and has been processed and used
in a wide variety of industrial applications from the manufacture of wood pulp
to agricultural fungicides and pesticides and is found in most plastics. Other
sources of mercury contamination are from pharmaceutical medicines including
vaccinations and laxatives, cosmetics, large ocean fish such as swordfish and
tuna, film, plastics, and paint. We ingest or inhale inorganic mercury through
our air, food, water, and soil—our bodies can even absorb it through our
skin and convert it into even more highly toxic methyl mercury. Additional sources
are inks, in some printing and tattoos, refined grains and seeds may test for
methyl mercury, chlorine bleaches, contact lens solutions (antibacterial mercury
compound is found in contact lens cleaning solutions and injectable vitamins
and drugs), felt, fabric softener, floor waxes and polishes, film, broken thermometers
and barometers, antiseptic creams and lotions, and nasal sprays.
"Mercury is a cytotoxin," (The Mercury In Your Mouth, by Quicksilver Associates. "It
is poisonous to all living cells. It also states in the book that it has the
capacity to bond with any chemical, which contains a particular type of molecule
called "sulfhydryl", found in most proteins. The human body contains an enormous
number of protein compounds; they are the building blocks for all body tissue,
and many have one or more sulfhydryl groups. As a result, mercury can interfere
with virtually any process or organ in the body."
can occur in inorganic, organic (methyl), and vapor (elemental
mercury) forms. "Safe" levels of exposure have titles such
as Threshold Limit Values (TLV) and Maximum Allowable Concentrations
(MAC). Elemental mercury (vapor) usually is in the mouth
with the vapor coming from the mercury dental/amalgams.
It then mixes with the saliva and food and goes into the
body forming organic mercury (methyl mercury) and settles
in the tissues and organs. When mercury is left in the
body for long periods of time, it has been known (according
to Swedish information) to go to the spinal cord and form
There has been controversy of the toxicity of elemental mercury vapor versus
methyl mercury. According to Swedish and Canadian studies and research (courtesy
of Woodlands Healing Research Center, Dr. Harold Buttram, MD in Quakertown, PA).
The following is some of their findings.
"Elemental Mercury Vapor is more rapidly transmitted throughout the body
than other forms of mercury and has much more toxic effects on the central nervous
system and other parts of the body than inorganic mercury according to the World
Health Organization and other studies. Mercury vapor rapidly crosses the blood-brain
barrier accumulating in the brain and pituitary gland causing neurological and
endocrine system damage. Elemental mercury vapor also rapidly crosses cellular
membranes including the placenta of pregnant women with inorganic mercury accumulating
in the brain, pituitary gland, kidneys, etc. of the developing fetus." The research
continues to say in the situation of the fetus of the pregnant woman that,"there
is evidence that indicates that mercury vapor is 10 times more toxic to the fetal
brain than methyl mercury."
The studies found that mercury vapor and organic mercury have independent and
synergistic toxic and developmental effects, and that additionally conversions
of the mercury occur in the body between the various forms of mercury. It
was found that elemental mercury (vapor) was documented to be methylzed in the
body to the organic state and was a significant source of methyl mercury.
Organic Mercury -(Methyl Mercury) "Mercury vapor is oxidized or converted
to inorganic forms which bioaccumulates in the brain, the central nervous system,
liver, kidneys, heart, and oral mucus. The level of mercury in the brain and
heart is higher after exposure to mercury vapor than for other forms."
Inorganic Mercury - Substantial research findings is alarming…."While
mercury vapor and methyl mercury readily cross cell membranes and the blood-brain
barrier, once in cells they form inorganic mercury that does not readily cross
cell membranes of the blood brain barrier readily. Thus inorganic mercury in
the brain or spinal cord has a very long life, often over 20 years."
There are numerous sources stating that the major source of mercury in most people
has been well documented to be coming from amalgam fillings. This is especially
true for mercury in saliva. Much mercury in the saliva is organic since mouth
bacteria and other organisms in the body methylate inorganic mercury to organic
mercury. In the research, some people tested who do not eat fish have been found
to have high levels of methyl mercury. Mercury from amalgam is methylated by
bacteria and candida albicans in the mouth and intestines. Once mercury vapor
or methyl mercury are converted to inorganic mercury in cells or the brain, the
mercury does not readily cross cell membranes or the blood-brain barrier. The
mercury has a very long life in the brain, often as much as 20 years according
to the Swedish Medical Journal (1986).
Testing For Mercury
How does a person know that they have mercury? There are
many ways of testing mercury through laboratory testing
and in this day and age of advanced technology, through
various new instruments.
Patient's Health History
This form is one of the simplest and least expensive ways for evaluation. It
helps the patient and the doctor or practitioner decide of a very good probability
of a mercury hypersensitivity problem.
There are numerous laboratories across the country that specialize in the area
of metal and chemical analysis. Great Smokies National Laboratories in Asheville,
NC (1-888-891-3061 Body Balance Division EXT #5) and Dr.'s Data in Chicago (1-630-231-3649)
are two popular ones. They can do hair analysis for reasonable costs and urine
analysis is another way of testing. See the addresses and phone numbers listed.
The hair analysis shows effectiveness usually when the client is in the process
of detoxifying the mercury. A high mercury level often indicates the unloading
process, so it can indicate that the mercury is there and the body is trying
to unload it.. The hair test may not show the hidden layers of mercury toxicity
so that a low mercury level in the hair may not indicate the true state of the
body that has a load of mercury in deeper layers of tissues and organs.
Urine analysis is usually done over an 18 hr or 24 hr process. A base line mercury
excretion level may be obtained from this analysis. A provocative test is with
a chelating agent. The most conservative approach is with intravenous Vitamin
C. It is least likely to cause detoxification illness. Other challenge tests
are EDTA and DMPS and an oral one is DMSA.
DMPS - EDTA & DMSA Challenge
There has been quite a bit of controversy in recent years of the DMPS challenge
as it seems to "dump" the poisonous mercury too fast and had some serious detrimental
effects. The detoxification process of the poisonous substances need to be released
only to the point that the client can bear. When nausea, headaches, dizziness,
vomiting, etc. occur, this is a strong indication that the toxins are coming
out too fast and the release of poisons perhaps need to be done more slowly!
There are now organizations forming, such as DMPSBACKFIRE out of Pennsylvania,
against the use of DMPS (check www.dmpsbackfire.com)
before making a final decision. It is worth checking into. Another note: "DMPS
excretes metals in the following order: zinc, tin, copper, arsenic, mercury," according
to, Heavy Metal Bulletin, Editor, Monica Kauppi, March 1995, issue. The
EDTA challenge test works for some and not for others, while DMSA, the oral challenge
test, seem to be the SAFEST of these three. Check our new product listing for
the latest in this area.
Complete Blood Count
White cell elevation or depression has been found in cases of known mercury poisoning.
After amalgam removal the count often levels off from 5,000 to 5,500. A CBC test
may be done before and then after removal and offers a comparison. Many laboratories
provide this type of test.
Jerome Mercury Vapor Analyzer.
This instrument is used by governmental agencies for mercury vapor analysis.
The patient is tested before and after chewing sugarless gum without aspartame
-a chemical- in it, for ten minutes. Usually this test provides some noticeable
increases and give the patient an increased awareness of the mercury problem
BIOCOMPATIBILITY & BIO-FEEDBACK Testing
Biocompatibility testing is to check out what replacement composites to use AFTER
the amalgams have been removed. There are numerous safe composites used for fillings
to replace the mercury. It is very important to have this test done to find out
what specific composites are compatible with your body chemistry. These can be
tested on instruments such as the Dermatron, Computron, Interro, Vega, Xxroid,
and B.E.S.T (the latter is FDA approved).
Another way of testing is through live cell or dry cell analysis with a blood
sample. The materials selected in this form of testing will be in harmony with
your body. These instruments uses frequency-testing by having a person hold a
device connected to the instrument that monitors their frequency rates and can
check out the substances that are compatible. These instruments also can be used
as BIO-FEEDBACK analysis to test which metals and chemicals are present in your
body and the advanced technical machines will balance frequencies that are "out
of balance". The Xxroid instrument and the latest equipment of B.E.S.T. have
the "frequency balancing" capacity.
The Patch Test
This test is a highly sensitive test for the hypersensitive patient. It will
produce an exacerbation of mercury-related symptoms within 24 hours. The highly
hypersensitive patient will react in an hour or less, so for this reason all
patients are kept in the office for one hour after application of the patch.
A reaction within one hour means that the test is over. The patch is removed,
the reaction is neutralized and usually within twenty minutes the exacerbation
is over. The patients that react within one hour are considered highly hypersensitive
and could definitely be considered for amalgam removal.
(See Hal Huggin's book, It's All In Your Head, for more information.
Symptoms & Diseases Of Mercury Toxicity
The symptoms of mercury toxicity are lengthy, but we will attempt to bring you
a list derived from several different sources: They include: Gastrointestinal
problems, nervous system problems, fever, chills, fatigue, headache, insomnia,
loss of sex drive, depression, numbness and tingling in hands, irritability,
tremors, learning difficulties, irregular heartbeat, chest pains, sore and bleeding
gums, immune suppression, birth defects, infertility, kidney/brain damage, anxiety,
sensitive tongue, metallic taste in the mouth, allergies, dizziness, cataracts,
insomnia, kidney damage, memory loss, nervousness, paralysis, seizures, vision
loss, weakness, hearing loss, heart problems, chronic constipation, recurring
diarrhea, parasites and fungus disorders, abnormal blood readings (MORE red blood
cells than needed, lesions of the skin, hypersensitivity, restlessness, inability
to relate to other people, poor coordination, brain fog (memory problems), monologue
talking -sometimes for extremely long periods of time, difficulties in breathing,
retinal bleeding, loss of interest in life, reduced capacity for work, vertigo,
facial paralysis, a painful pull at the lower jaw towards the collar bone, joint
pains, pains in lower back, weakness of muscles, pressure, pains, "needles" at
lymph nodes under arms and in groin -also in the liver region, increased need
for sleep, a gray ring around the cornea of the eye, feeling of being old, emotional
problems, lack of concentration, a feeling of being disconnected from God.
Diseases related to mercury poisoning are: Alzheimer's, all kinds of cancer,
epilepsy, arthritis, pneumonia, bronchitis, gingivitis, neuralgia, Parkinson's,
Multiple Sclerosis, lupus, lymphoma, ALS (Lou Gehrig's Disease), leukemia, sinusitis,
chronic asthma, hypertension, ADD (attention deficit disorder), Chrohn's Disease,
Candidiasis (binds to mercury), glomerulonephritis (disease of the kidneys),
autism (from mercury in vaccines), SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome), anemia,
dermatitis, eczema, psoriaisis, Bruxism (grinding teeth), Fibromyalgia, Chronic
Fatigue Syndrome (CFIDS), insomnia, Epstein Barr.
The following is from the Journal of Advancement in Medicine, Volume 11,
Number 1, Spring 1998 by James P. Frackelton, MD, FACAM, and R. Lyle Christensen,
PhD. taken from their table,
Signs and Symptoms of Toxicity from Mercury Exposure
Interstitial pnemonitis, bronchitis, tightness or pain in chest, coughing, metallic
taste, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting diarrhea, headache, dark line of mercury
sulfide on gums, teeth loosen ulcers on lips and cheeks, develop psychopathologic
symptoms and muscle tremors
Mouth and face: inflammation, tender gums, gingivitis, teeth loosen with alveolar
destruction, increased or decreased salivation, stomatitis and tongue tremors,
nasal irritation, epistaxis, disturbances of taste and smell, loss of appetite,
tremor of eyelids and extracular muscles, fingers, arms and legs; neuralgia,
paresthesias, ataxia, exaggerated knee jerks and altered plantar reflexes, vasomotor:
perspiration and blushing, personality changes, erethism, irritability, irascibility,
criticalness, excitability, melancholy, depression, shyness, timidity, moroseness,
fatigue, weakness, drowsiness, memory defect.
Testing for Corrosion of Amalgam:
The rate of corrosion occurring in fillings can be estimated by measuring the
electrical current generated by the fillings in the mouth. The higher the electrical
currents are indicated, the greater the chemical reactivity. There are some aggravating
factors in the process of amalgam corrosion.
temperature from foods and drinks. Higher temperatures
increase the rate of corrosion which in turn increases
the vapor pressure of mercury.
and acidic foods. These can contribute to or accelerate
the oral cavity with hydrogen peroxide. This considerably
increases the oxidationrate over simple dissolved
oxygen. Hydrogen peroxide can even oxidize gold.
vomiting. This is a method of weight control practiced
for centuries and probably more prevalent that suspected.
This leaves high HC1,SH and elevated electrical conductivity
in the mouth. The resultant increased reactions (ten
times greater in aerated digestive juice) produce
a marked increase in corrosion even though the length
of time is relatively short. It has been noticed
in studies that extremely detrimental effects of
voluntary vomiting on solubility of composites in
bacteria capable of oxidation, reduction and methylation.
Mercury & Related
The Domino Effect
According to Dr. Bruce Shelton, MD (H), Di.Hom, director of the Allergy Center
in Phoenix, Arizona, "Mercury amalgams are as close as you can get to the center
of the illness universe, their use in dentistry has set us up for most of the
health problems we see today."
In his practice, Dr. Shelton frequently observes a domino effect of illness that
begins with mercury toxicity. He reports that 90% of his patients who come in
with allergies have an over-growth of the yeast-like fungus, Candida Albicans.
This overgrowth can be due to heavy metals in the body, principally from mercury
in the teeth, continually draining in minute amounts into body tissues."
"The next stage" he says of the domino effect, "is that patients in this predicament
typically develop leaky gut syndrome. If we do not totally digest and absorb
our foods before they are broken to basic chemicals, then we have a 'leaky gut.'… He
says the "leaky gut syndrome s, in turn, to food allergies." He remarks the soon
the person becomes a universal reactor, allergic to multiple chemicals, to almost
everything. Environmental illness is then at hand.
"Although dental work tends to be very expensive, if you can get a patient to
have their teeth corrected, they will get well," reports Dr. Shelton. Other contributing
factors that are prevelant in this domino effect can also be an under-active
thyroid, which is generally associated with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. He says
that, "Specifically, in thyroid cases, the fifth tooth from the midline of the
mouth (between the two front teeth), upper and lower, in both directions, frequently
has a mercury filling or a root canal, or is in a state of degeneration in this
situation. In other words, "potentially four different teeth can have a thyroid
Another situation in the domino effect is the parasites, usually associated with
the yeast or fungus infection. Patients or clients can have everything from tapeworms,
pinworms, hookworms, etc. and these can be expelled naturally through various
supplements or frequency equipment instruments, and colonics.
"Mercury then works on the Central Nervous System and damages the myelin sheath
around the nerves. Heavy metals such as mercury act as free radical which are
highly reactive, charged particles that can cause damage to body tissues. This
cumulative poison builds up in the body with repeated exposure having devastating
effects. It then can prevent nutrients from entering the cells and wastes from
leaving, and block enzymes necessary for the body's detoxification processes," says
Again, he says, "Mercury can bind to the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) of cells,
as well as to the cell membranes, distorting them and interfering with normal
cell functions. When this happens, the immune system no longer recognizes the
cell as part of the body and will attack it. This is the basis of an autoimmune
Note: "Free radicals are formed when molecules within cells react with oxygen
(oxidize) as part of normal metabolic processes. Free radicals then begin to
break down cells, especially if there are not enough free radical quenching nutrients,
such as vitamins C and E, in the cell. While free radicals are normal products
of metabolism, uncontrolled free-radical production plays a major role in the
development of degenerative disease, including cancer and heart disease. Free
radicals harmfully alter important molecules, such as proteins, enzymes, fats,
even DNA. Other sources of free radicals include pesticides, industrial pollutants,
smoking, alcohol, viruses, most infections, allergies, stress, even certain foods
and excessive exercise." Dr. Bruce Shelton, M.D.(H), Di.Hom.
Also Available is the Chart of Diseases Relating
Specific Diseases to Specific Metals/Chemicals.
How Mercury Affects The Nervous System
We mentioned before how the different forms of mercury develop in a conversion
process. Dr. Bruce Shelton says, "After elemental mercury from amalgam fillings
is inhaled or ingested, it is converted to methyl mercury, the organic form of
mercury. Methyl mercury, because it easily crosses the blood-brain barrier, has
been associated with neuro-degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, multiple
sclerosis, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. It is important to mention that
as toxic as elemental mercury is, methyl mercury is 100 times more toxic!
Once it infiltrates the body, mercury becomes a neurotoxin, according to Dietrich
Klinghardt , M.D., Ph.D. a specialist in neural therapy, a process using local
injections of anesthetics, such as lidocaine or procaine, to remove interferences
in the body's electrical network and thus relieve chronic pain, reverse injury,
and clear energy blockages. He says, "that a neurotoxin is a substance the nerve
cells voluntarily absorb, even though it is poisonous. They do this out of curiosity."
Nerve endings in the peripheral nervous system constantly scan their environment,
engulfing foreign particles and bringing them across the cell membrane for inspection.
These substances may then travel all the way up from the foot to the spinal cord
and get presented to the nerve cells there," Dr.Klinghardt says. Further, "If
the substance is judged to be harmful, the body tries to produce an antitoxin
to neutralize it and eliminate it from the body."
There are two problems when it comes to mercury according to Dr. Klinghardt. "First,
as it travels up the nerve, mercury destroys the body's mechanism, a substance
called tubulin, for transporting along nerves. Burning the bridges behind it,
it effectively destroys the nerve. Second, he says, the body has not yet learned
how to make an anti-neurotoxin against mercury."
According to Dr. Klinghardt, mercury levels can slowly dissipate over time from
body tissues and from the teeth but it takes a much longer time period to get
it out of the brain and the nervous system. There it binds firmly to a specific
chemical compound that happens to exist there in the body's highest concentrations.
He says, that "the main devastating effect of mercury in the nervous system is
that it interferes with the energy production inside each cell". "The nerve cell
is impaired in its ability to detoxify itself and excrete the mercury and in
its ability to nurture itself. The cell becomes toxic and dies, or lives in a
state of chronic malnutrition. A multitude of illnesses, associated with neurological
symptoms, usually results. These are usually chronic viral, fungal and bacterial
These chronic diseases are not a cause of the failure of the immune system, but
by a conscious adaptation of the immune system to deal with a lethal/toxic heavy
metal environment. Some practitioners and doctors refer to this situation as, "environmental
polluted body terrain.
Since the nerves are usually damaged or compromised by mercury, it seems necessary
to find something to help repair that damage. An Ayurvedic product (an herbal
formula) called, Herbal Balance, ReGen Nerve helps promote healthy growth
of nerves and is available through the product list in this report. Also,
lecithin is known to not only repair the nerve endings but to help with the memory
and neutralize toxins as they are moving. Both of these seem essential in any
detoxification process. Lecithin, a food, may be found at any health store in
capsule or granulated form.
In his research of mercury Dr. Zamm says, "It led me to the fact that the biggest
environmental poison facing our country is the river of mercury running down
your throat. That's the number one environmental problem they could do something
Dr. Alfred Zamm, M.D., F.A.C.P. practiced for many years in Kingston, New York."
You wouldn't take a leaky thermometer, put it in your mouth, and leave it there
24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Yet that's what happens when an amalgam filling
is installed in your mouth."
Dr. Michael Ziff, D.D.S and Researcher and Publisher of BioProbe, a newsletter
about dental amalgams.
"Mercury poisoning is impaired oxidation. It's like having an invisible cord
around your neck that's strangling you, but you can't feel that the cord is there.
(The strangulations) is biochemical, but the principal is the same: mercury reduces
the amount of oxygen that you get."
Dr. Alfred Zamm, M.D., F.A.C.P. ".
"...mercury caused the smooth muscles in the walls of arteries to contract, thereby
causing hypertension….Inorganic mercury caused blood vessel constriction
and subsequent hypertension within minutes after exposure… minutes after
Researchers at St. Louis' Washington University (book, The Mercury In Your
Mouth, by Quicksilver Associates.
Researchers at the Temple University Medical School and the Harvard Medical School
found that "inorganic mercury caused actual pathological damage to the heart
muscle tissue, which in turn severely decreased heart function to a point that
results in a dramatic drop in blood pressure."
The Mercury In Your Mouth, by Quicksilver Associates
"Slow healing" is in part a result of zinc deficiency. Mercury interferes with
"Chronic fatigue" is a result of insufficient oxygen to the cells. Mercury interferes
with the ability of hemoglobin to transport oxygen" and "…..ringing in
the ears" is related to manganese deficiency. Mercury interferes with manganese
It's All In Your Head, by Hal A. Huggins, DDS
"After he underwent a root canal at the age of 15, Earl suffered severe fatigue
and anxiety. At 28, he had a nervous breakdown. At the age of 32, suffering from
fatigue, anger, anxiety, back problems, low blood sugar, nervousness, ringing
in his ears, concentration loss, and prematurely graying hair, he consulted acupuncturist.
Dr. David J. Nickel, O.M.D., L.Ac. of Santa Monica, California performed a mercury
vapor analysis on Earl's teeth and found that the level of toxic fumes from Earl's
six mercury amalgam fillings was 42 times higher than the Environmental Protection
Agency's maximum allowable limit.
He was put on supplements and there was significant improvement in his metabolic
rate and blood sugar levels, he had all six mercury amalgams and his root canal
tooth removed. Earl said, "I don't remember when I have ever felt so good."
"Mercury is associated with 258 different symptoms and copper with over 100.
Almost all my patients who had their mercury-based fillings removed show moderate
to dramatic improvement in their health in usually less than one month."
Dr. David J. Nickel, O.M.D., L.Ac of Santa Monica California (from Chronic
Fatigue, Fibromyalgia & Environmental Illness, by Burton Goldberg.
"Research has demonstrated that the body's tissues - especially in the brain,
kidneys, jaw, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and liver -absorb and store mercury."
Chronic Fatigue, Fibromyalgia & Environmental Illness, by Burton Goldberg
Compiled and written by Lauana Lei